Сварка

Самозащитные порошковые проволоки для механизированной сварки под водой

( ) ( , , .). . , . . , . - . , :

, .

 1967 .  . .  1. , ,   .

. , . . . , . .

. . . , , , . , . . , , .

. . . ,   , .

, , . , . . - -1, 20 . . . 2.

2. -1

, %
CSiMnNiCuCrSP
30,180,210,550,040,010,060,0430,021
0920,180,210,550,040,010,060,0430,021
100,180,210,550,040,010,060,0430,021
36 0,180,210,550,040,010,060,0430,021
    :
  1. 2  .
  2. - ; - .

-1 . . . 30 . . . , ,  3  4. ,   4, - 2 . ANSI/AWS D3.6-89.

3. , -1

σ, σ, δ5, %δ5, %U, /
20-40
3411/394336/32331,5/8,366,1/12,2105/5830/7
092411/394336/32331,5/8,366,1/12,2105/5830/7
10411/394336/32331,5/8,366,1/12,2105/5830/7
    :
  1. . - , - 15.

4. , , -1

σ, KCV, /² , .
0-200-20
3382,3-411,4/39914-16/15,34-12/727-47/359-32/23,655, 6548, 95
3382-433/415,135-65/49,320-46/3035-105/75,315-35/25180, 180, 70, 6830, 40
-36433,9-446,1/439,3. .7-26/18,5. .. .180,180180,180

-5 - Mn-Ni-Ce ( 0,39) 20 . , . , -1. . 5. , 10 , . 6.

5. -5

, %
CSiMnNiCuCrSP
30,230,210,650,040,01..0,0360,021
0,030,030,121,4..0,020,0260,015
0920,110,41,40,030,050,120,0140,026
0,030,030,151,40,030,080,0190,025
0920,100,71,50,050,040,060,0180,024
0,030,040,171,40,030,050,0200,023
100,080,650,530,570,390,590,0320,024
0,020,020,091,650,120,080,0210,017
190,200,230,860,040,040,030,0280,027
0,020,040,111,430,030,020,0260,025
1420,160,211,290,030,030,040,0270,029
0,020,030,121,480,040,030,0250,027
36 0,230,220,970,05. .. .0,0120,014
0,030,030,111,5. .. .0,0230,013
    :
  1. - , - ; 2 , .

6. , -5

σ, σ, V -20, / , .
3420440320...34030...45180
092420...450320...35030...50180
092420...450320...35030...45160
10430...450330...36030...55140
19420...450320...35030...45180
142420...450320...36035...50160
36 420...450320...35030...50180
    :
  1. - 2 , .
  2. "" ANSI/AWS D3.6-89.

, , -5 . ( ), . , 2 15 , 7.

7. , -5

, σ, σ, δ5, %U, /
2344232815,224
1046634314,135
15344033513,325
1045835213,031
    :
  1. .

, . 1990 . -5, () , "Rocvoter" . 10 - -36, -516-70 () -106 (). , AWS/D3.6-89, :

. - "Lincoln" . 70 2 120 . . 1660, . ( , ) . . ( I. D.) . (V. K.).

"Mechnical Testing Laboratory" (), AWS/D3.6-89. 8 - 12. 13.

8 - 12 , , , , . . , . 5.13, , , , , .

"", AWS D3.6-89.

8.

, %
CSiMnSP
-36 12,7(1/2")0,250,210,650,090,010
-516-70 25,4(1")0,240,231,120,0270,012
-106- 304,8(12")0,180,220,600,0030,015
    :
  1. , , 0,05% .

9. ,

σ, (PSI)
VK-1G-18, -1464,1 (67,366)
VK-1G-18, -2480,7 (69,766)
ID-1G-19, -1463,9 (67,343)
ID-1G-19, -2468,4 (67,997)

10.

KCV, /² , %
134,120
219,920
331,330
28,423,3
145,420
222,710
338,310
35,513,3
    :
  1. 20.

11.

V--32
2
V--46
6 > 9,5 (3/8")
ID--82
2
ID--112
2
V--1663,5 (2,5")
63,5 (2,5")
ID--176
6 > 9,5 (3/8")
V-1G-1863,5 (2,5")
6 > 9,5 (3/8")
63,5 (2,5")
6
ID-G-192
2 6,4 (¼")
2
2 12,7 (½")
    :
  1. - , .

12.

σ, (.S.I)σ, (.S.I)δ5, %
I.D. 1G-20417,73 (60,629)454,29 (65,934)12,2
V.K. 1G-21361,97 (52,535)433,42 (62,905)15,2
V.K. 1G-21417,73 (60,629)433,30 (62,889)17,0

13. -5

, %
CSiMnNiCuSP
0,0200,0100,121,50,100,0280,013
0,0300,0130,091,40,080,0260,015
    :
  1. 0,02 %;
  2. - , , - .

1991 . -2 ( -1). - 20 , 32%. . , .14.

14. , -2

σ, σ, V, 20 /², .
34204503203403545180
0924304603303504050180
104404703403604050180
364204603203504050180

1997 . "" -1 3, 092 20 . , , . 15. 14288312.003-97, - . , "" (1800 ). -1 -1, -5 -2.

15. , -1

σ, σ, δ5, %V, –20 /², .
-1≥ 4203003601418≥ 25180
    :
  1. , ANSI / AWS D3.6M "".
  2. - 3 14 . 3. - 4 , .

, -1, -5, -2 -1 . - . ( ) , .

, -1 -5 , , .

, -1 -5, . . , , -1 -5 . -2 -1.

, 092, 092, 19 ., 0,39. , , . , . . , , . . 0,43. . (. . . ) 10 , 20 . , 1200 .

, . 2 - 15 , , , . , . .